The Neonatal Research Group was initially constituted in 2005 and acknowledged as member of the IIS La Fe in 2008. The group is formed by clinicians, biologists, pharmacologists, chemist/analytical chemist and psychologist aiming to enhance our knowledge of the fetal to neonatal transition and postnatal adaptation. Our Group is a recognized group within the Maternal and Infant and Developmental Network of the Health Research Institute Carlos III, and the PI of the group is the National Coordinator of the Network. The group is constituted by 24 researchers with 15 of them being clinicians and 9 basic scientists. Our group is being financed at present by the ISCIII, NIH, UE and MHRC Australia.